3.4.1 The Macrostructure of the First Movement

Analysing the First Movement of Haydn’s Symphony No. 103, “The Drumroll”

In section 3.3 you considered what the important elements of the macrostructure of a movement might be. Now let’s focus in on this example and explore what a conductor needs to understand to approach this work. 

First, study the opening movement of Haydn’s Drumroll symphony, making notes about the structural landmarks you think are important. When you believe you have understood the structure of the piece, you can move on to the quiz on the next page.

I hope you found the structural landmarks of the macrostructure, but did you notice that there already there were several sections that related to smaller sections within that macrostructure? Establishing the sections of the development where the thematic material is treated in different ways is already moving towards the microstructure.

Here is a diagrammatic outline of the movement for you to check your own analysis.

1Drumroll (suspended note or small cadenza?) 
2 – 13Introduction (Adagio)i
14 – 25Re-statementi’
26 – 39Transition (to a “wrong” tonality)t
40 – 48Exposition (Alegro con spiritu) First ThemeA
48 – 60Transition IT
60 – 79Secondary theme 1 (in the dominant)B
80 – 94Secondary theme 2B’
94 – 104fugatoD
104 – 112With new counterpoint 
112 – 131In diminutionD’
132 – 143stretto 
144 – 153In a different tonality (in D-flat major)D”
154 – 159re-transition 
159 – 167First ThemeA
167 – 179Transition IT
180 – 188Secondary theme 2B’
189 – 201New transition/preparationT’
202 – 2131st Coda section=Adagio (reprise)C=i
214 – 2202nd Coda section (as 74 – 80 in E-flat Major)c’1=b3
220 – 2293rd Coda sectionc’2-
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